Biblical Foundations

Exploring the Biblical Foundations of the Nativity Scene

The nativity scene, a staple in churches, homes, and public spaces during the Christmas season, is more than just a decorative tradition. It’s a visual representation of the birth of Jesus Christ, that has evolved over the centuries, as recounted in the New Testament of the Bible. This familiar tableau, often featuring figures of Mary, Joseph, the baby Jesus, shepherds, the Magi, and various animals, serves as a reminder of the humble circumstances surrounding the birth of Christianity’s central figure.


However, to fully appreciate the depth of this scene, it’s crucial to explore its biblical foundations. The Gospels of Matthew and Luke provide distinctive narratives of Jesus’ birth, each contributing unique elements to the traditional nativity scene. From the angelic announcements and the guiding Star of Bethlehem in Matthew’s account to the humbling manger birth and shepherds’ visitation in Luke’s depiction, these biblical narratives offer rich insights into the significance of the nativity scene.

This exploration of the biblical foundations of the nativity scene aims to deepen our understanding of this beloved Christian tradition. By examining the scriptural origins of each element, we can gain a greater appreciation for the nativity scene not just as a festive display, but as a profound symbol of divine love, humility, and joy.

And the interesting part is, once we see other nativity scenes from other parts of the world, like the Vatican or the White House, culture and variations to the story come into play. To read more about that visit our page Nativity Scenes Around the World.

The Gospel of Luke: A Humble Birth (Luke 2:1-20)

The Gospel of Luke presents a rich narrative of Jesus’ birth, offering a detailed account that has become the cornerstone for our understanding and depiction of the nativity scene.

Journey to Bethlehem

The story begins with a decree from Caesar Augustus that requires all to return to their ancestral homes for a census. As a result, Joseph, being a descendant of David, travels from Nazareth to Bethlehem with Mary, who is expecting a child. This journey is significant as it fulfills the prophecy in the Old Testament book of Micah (Micah 5:2) that the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem. In traditional nativity scenes, this journey is often portrayed with Mary on a donkey accompanied by Joseph, underlining the hardship they endured and the humble circumstances of their travel.

Birth in a Manger

Upon their arrival in Bethlehem, Mary gives birth to Jesus. Because there was no room for them in the inn, she wraps him in swaddling clothes and lays him in a manger. This manger, typically represented as a simple wooden trough, serves as a stark symbol of the humble conditions of Jesus’ birth. Despite being the Son of God, He is born among animals in a stable, pointing to His mission to identify with the lowliest of humanity.

The Shepherds and the Angels

Luke’s narrative also includes the shepherds who were tending their flocks nearby. An angel of the Lord appears to them, announcing the birth of a Savior in the town of David. The choice of shepherds to receive this news is significant. It shows that God’s salvation is announced to all, including those on the margins of society. The shepherds, often depicted with their sheep, are a common element in nativity scenes, representing the pastoral culture of the time and the humble classes of people to whom the message of salvation was first announced.

Following the angel’s announcement, a heavenly host appears, praising God and proclaiming peace on earth. This celestial choir adds a dimension of divine glory to the humble birth scene, and in many nativity scenes, angels are depicted hovering above, their presence echoing the joyous news of the Savior’s birth.

In conclusion, the Gospel of Luke provides a narrative that emphasizes the humble circumstances of Jesus’ birth and the universal reach of God’s love. These themes are powerfully conveyed in the nativity scene, inviting us to reflect on the profound significance of the Christmas story.

The Gospel of Matthew: Dreams, Stars, and Gifts (Matthew 1:18-25; 2:1-12)

Matthew’s account of the nativity story provides unique elements that add depth and richness to the birth narrative of Jesus, including Joseph’s role, the Star of Bethlehem, and the arrival of the Magi.

Joseph’s Dream

In contrast to Luke’s Gospel, which focuses more on Mary, Matthew gives us a glimpse into Joseph’s experience. When Joseph discovers that Mary is pregnant, he plans to quietly end their engagement. However, an angel appears to him in a dream, assuring him that Mary’s child is conceived by the Holy Spirit and instructing him to name the child Jesus. This divine intervention and Joseph’s subsequent obedience highlight his role as a faithful servant of God. In many nativity scenes, Joseph is portrayed as a protective figure, standing by Mary and the baby Jesus, symbolizing his acceptance of his role in this divine plan.

The Star of Bethlehem

One of the most distinctive elements in Matthew’s account is the Star of Bethlehem. This celestial phenomenon guides the Magi from the East to the location of Jesus. The star is a significant symbol in the nativity scene, often depicted above the stable, shining brightly. It represents divine guidance and the heavenly proclamation of Jesus’ birth. The inclusion of the star in the nativity scene serves as a reminder of the cosmic significance of Jesus’ birth.

The Visit of the Magi

Matthew’s Gospel is the only one that mentions the visit of the Magi, also known as the Wise Men or Three Kings. These distinguished visitors from the East bring gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh for the newborn King. Each gift carries a specific symbolism: gold for a king, frankincense for a deity, and myrrh, a burial spice, foreshadowing Jesus’ death. The Magi’s presence in the nativity scene alludes to the recognition of Jesus as the Messiah beyond Jewish society, extending to the Gentile world. Despite the Bible not specifying the exact timing of their visit, nativity scenes traditionally depict the Magi at the manger scene, emphasizing the universality of Jesus’ kingship.

In summary, Matthew’s Gospel brings additional layers of meaning to the nativity story with its focus on divine intervention through dreams, celestial signs, and the recognition of Jesus’ kingship and divinity through the symbolic gifts of the Magi. These elements are crucial components of the nativity scene, underscoring the divine nature of Jesus and the global impact of His birth.

Conclusion Biblical Foundations

The nativity scene, with its enduring presence in churches, homes, and public spaces during the Christmas season, serves as a vivid reminder of the biblical narratives that recount the birth of Jesus Christ. By delving into the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, we gain a deeper understanding of the elements that comprise this traditional depiction, from the humble manger to the guiding star, and the diverse characters that surround the newborn King.

The Gospel of Luke, with its emphasis on the humble circumstances of Jesus’ birth and the universal reach of God’s love, provides many of the key elements of the nativity scene – the journey to Bethlehem, the birth in a manger, and the angelic announcement to shepherds. On the other hand, the Gospel of Matthew enriches the narrative with Joseph’s dream, the celestial sign of the Star of Bethlehem, and the visit of the Magi, each carrying deep symbolic meaning.

However, it’s important to note that the nativity scene we are familiar with today also incorporates artistic interpretation and cultural traditions. Elements such as the simultaneous visit of the shepherds and the Magi or the presence of animals at the manger, while not directly mentioned in the Bible, have been added over centuries, enriching the narrative and symbolism of the scene.

In conclusion, by exploring the biblical foundations of the nativity scene, we not only deepen our understanding of this beloved tradition but also open ourselves to a richer contemplation of the Christmas story. The nativity scene, in its simplicity and profundity, invites us to reflect on the divine mystery of the Incarnation – God becoming a man in the person of Jesus, born in a humble stable, a signal of hope and love for all humanity.

Prayer of Salvation

Giving your life to the Lord is the best decision you can ever make in your entire life on earth. I invite you to make Jesus your Lord today. In Romans 10vs.9 the Bible says that, “If thou confess with thy mouth, that Jesus is Lord, and believe in thine heart that God raised him from the dead, thou shall be saved.” Please, pray this prayer:

Dear heavenly Father, I believe with all of my heart that Jesus is Lord. I believe that he died on the cross and that on the third day God raised him from the dead. I affirm that Jesus is the Lord of my life from this day onward. I’m now born again. In the name of Jesus. Amen!

Well done for making this prayer! You are now born again. Attend a bible based church and keep learning the truth of God‘s Word as you become an excellent Christian.

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