Discover the Gospel of John and Nativity Scenes

A Study in Metaphor

Gospel of John and Nativity Scenes; The Gospel of John stands out amongst the four gospels for its rich and layered use of metaphors. From depictions of Jesus as a lamb, king, bread, and shepherd, to the use of light and darkness, John’s Gospel employs a myriad of symbolic language. In a similar vein, Nativity scenes, a treasured tradition during the Christmas season, are rife with their own set of symbolic representations. This article aims to explore the link between these two distinct yet interconnected symbolic systems.

Understanding John’s Metaphors

The Gospel of John is renowned for its extensive use of metaphors, which serve as an essential tool for conveying the multi-faceted identity and mission of Jesus Christ. These metaphors, steeped in rich cultural and historical contexts, offer readers a profound understanding of Jesus’ nature and role.

Bread of Life

One of the key metaphors employed by John is that of bread. In John 6:35, Jesus declares, “I am the bread of life.” This metaphor draws on the Hebrews’ historical experience during their Exodus journey when God provided manna from heaven to sustain them. By identifying Himself as the bread of life, Jesus presents Himself as the spiritual sustenance that humanity needs, offering eternal satisfaction, unlike the temporary physical sustenance that earthly bread provides.

The Good Shepherd

The metaphor of Jesus as the Good Shepherd is another powerful image presented in the Gospel of John. This imagery has deep roots in the Old Testament, where God is often portrayed as a shepherd leading His people, the sheep. However, Jesus, as the Good Shepherd, personalizes this metaphor, stating in John 10:11, “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.” In contrast to hired hands who abandon the sheep at the first sign of danger, Jesus underscores His commitment to His followers, willing to sacrifice His own life for their wellbeing.

The True Vine

In John 15, Jesus describes Himself as the “true vine,” with His followers as the branches. This metaphor emphasizes the importance of abiding in Christ to bear fruit. Just as a branch cannot produce fruit if it is not connected to the vine, so followers of Christ cannot lead fruitful lives apart from a close relationship with Him. This metaphor underscores the importance of spiritual dependency on Jesus for sustenance and growth.

The Light of the World

Light is another recurring metaphor in John’s Gospel. In John 8:12, Jesus proclaims, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” Here, light symbolizes spiritual illumination and truth, while darkness represents ignorance and sin. By characterizing Himself as the light, Jesus asserts His role as the bearer of divine truth, guiding humanity out of the darkness of sin and ignorance.

Each of these metaphors, while unique in their symbolism, weaves together a comprehensive picture of who Jesus is and what He offers— spiritual sustenance, guidance, sacrificial love, and illuminating truth. They underscore the multifaceted nature of Jesus’ identity and mission, offering readers a richer understanding of His role in their spiritual journey.

Jesus as the Good Shepherd and the King

John’s Gospel presents Jesus in many roles, but two of the most profound metaphors are those of the Good Shepherd and the King. These metaphors not only reveal Jesus’ character and mission but also carry significant political and social implications.

The Good Shepherd

In John 10, Jesus introduces Himself as the Good Shepherd who lays down His life for His sheep. This metaphor is a powerful representation of Jesus’ selfless love and dedication to His followers. Unlike the hired hand who flees when danger approaches, the Good Shepherd stays and protects His flock, even at the cost of His own life.

The Good Shepherd metaphor carries a deeply personal connotation. It speaks of intimacy and care, of knowing each sheep by name and ensuring none is lost. It underscores Jesus’ relationship with His followers as one characterized by personal knowledge, attentiveness, and sacrificial love.

Furthermore, the Good Shepherd metaphor also serves as a critique of false leaders. In contrast to the leaders of His time who exploited and neglected their followers, Jesus positions Himself as the leader who truly cares for and protects His people.

The King

John also portrays Jesus as a King, but not in the traditional sense. Jesus is depicted as a different kind of King – one whose kingdom is not of this world. This is made clear during Jesus’ trial before Pilate in John 18:36, where Jesus says, “My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jewish leaders. But now my kingdom is from another place.”

This metaphor challenges the conventional understanding of kingship. Unlike earthly kings who rule through power and might, Jesus’ kingship is characterized by humility, service, and sacrificial love. His crown is not made of gold and jewels but of thorns. His throne is not a seat of power, but a cross. His reign is not enforced through violence but through love and truth.

Moreover, the metaphor of Jesus as King extends to His followers. As citizens of His kingdom, they are called to embody the same values – to live in humility, serve others, and love sacrificially.

In essence, the metaphors of Jesus as the Good Shepherd and the King offer a radical redefinition of leadership and authority. They present a model of leadership rooted in love, sacrifice, and service, challenging the power structures of the world.

Jesus as the Light

The metaphor of light is one of the most pivotal in the Gospel of John, revealing significant aspects of Jesus’ mission and identity. This metaphor is multifaceted, symbolizing knowledge, purity, truth, and guidance.

Light as Illumination

In John 8:12, Jesus declares, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” This proclamation positions Jesus as the source of spiritual illumination. Just as physical light allows us to see and navigate our surroundings, Jesus, as the spiritual light, illuminates the truth and guides us in our spiritual journey. He dispels the darkness of ignorance and sin, enabling us to perceive and understand God’s truth.

Light as Purity

Light also symbolizes purity and holiness in biblical literature. By identifying Himself as the light, Jesus asserts His absolute moral purity. He is devoid of any darkness, which often symbolizes sin and evil. This aspect of the light metaphor underscores Jesus’ sinless nature, setting Him apart from humanity and qualifying Him as the perfect sacrifice for human sins.

Light as Life-Giving

Moreover, light is often associated with life and growth, especially considering its essential role in the process of photosynthesis. In a spiritual sense, Jesus, as the light, is the source of eternal life. Those who follow Him, living in His light, receive new, everlasting life. This life-giving aspect of the light metaphor is evident in John 1:4, where it is written, “In him was life, and that life was the light of all mankind.”

Light as Revealing

Lastly, light reveals. It exposes what is hidden in darkness, making visible what would otherwise remain unseen. Similarly, Jesus, as the light, reveals God to humanity. He makes known the character and will of God, offering a clear vision of God’s heart and purposes.

The Nativity Scene: A Visual Metaphor

Nativity scenes, also known as crèches, are a beloved tradition during the Christmas season, depicting the birth of Jesus Christ. Though simple in form, these scenes are rich with symbolic significance, and each element serves as a visual metaphor for deeper spiritual truths.

The Humble Setting

The setting of the Nativity scene is typically a stable or a cave, symbolizing the humble circumstances surrounding Jesus’ birth. This setting serves as a powerful visual metaphor for humility and poverty. Despite being the Son of God, Jesus chose to be born in the lowliest of conditions. This reinforces the Christian belief that Jesus came not as a worldly king, but as a humble servant, identifying with the least and the lost of the world.

The Manger

The manger, often the centerpiece of the Nativity scene, holds profound symbolism. It was here that Mary laid the newborn Jesus, wrapped in swaddling clothes. The manger, represents Jesus’ role as the spiritual sustenance for humanity. This aligns with the metaphor of Jesus as the Bread of Life in the Gospel of John, offering spiritual nourishment to those who believe in Him.

The Shepherds and Wise Men

The shepherds and the Wise Men, regular fixtures in the Nativity scene, embody contrasting societal classes. The shepherds represent the lower social strata – the poor, the outcasts, and the ordinary folk. In contrast, the Wise Men, or Magi, are often depicted as wealthy and learned, representing the upper echelons of society. Their presence in the Nativity scene underscores the universal invitation of Jesus’ salvation, extending to all, regardless of social status or wealth.

The Star of Bethlehem

The Star of Bethlehem, shining brightly above the stable, serves as a guiding light leading the Wise Men to Jesus. This aligns with the metaphor of Jesus as the Light of the World in John’s Gospel. Just as the star guided the Wise Men to Jesus, Jesus, as the light, guides humanity towards truth and salvation.

Bridging the Symbolic Imagery

While the Gospel of John and the Nativity scene employ distinct sets of symbols, a closer examination reveals that they beautifully complement each other, presenting a consistent picture of Jesus and His mission.

The Bread of Life and The Manger

The metaphor of Jesus as the Bread of Life finds a striking visual counterpart in the Nativity scene. The manger, which is essentially a feeding trough for animals, is where the newborn Jesus is laid. This symbolizes that Jesus, much like nourishing bread, is the one who provides spiritual sustenance to humanity. Both metaphors converge to underscore Jesus’ role as the provider of spiritual nourishment and eternal life.

The Good Shepherd and The Shepherds

The metaphor of Jesus as the Good Shepherd aligns with the presence of shepherds in the Nativity scene. While John’s Gospel depicts Jesus as the shepherd who knows and cares for His sheep, the Nativity scene highlights the shepherds as the first to receive the news of Jesus’ birth. This emphasizes Jesus’ close connection to the humble and marginalized, reinforcing the theme of Jesus as a leader who cares for His people, even the lowliest among them.

The Light of the World and The Star of Bethlehem

The Star of Bethlehem in the Nativity scene is a direct visual representation of Jesus as the Light of the World in John’s Gospel. The star guides the Wise Men to Jesus, just as Jesus, the spiritual light, guides humanity towards truth and salvation. Both symbols convey the idea of Jesus providing direction, illuminating the path to God, and dispelling the darkness of ignorance and sin.

The King and The Wise Men

The Wise Men in the Nativity scene offer gifts fit for a king, acknowledging Jesus’ kingship. This complements the metaphor of Jesus as a King in John’s Gospel. However, Jesus’ kingship, as depicted by John, is not of this world but of a spiritual realm. The Wise Men’s homage in the Nativity scene underscores this aspect of Jesus’ kingship, indicating an acknowledgment of His spiritual authority.

Conclusion Gospel of John and Nativity Scenes

The Gospel of John and the Nativity scene, each in their own unique way, utilize metaphors and symbolism to illuminate our understanding of Jesus and His mission. Through the written words of John’s Gospel, we perceive Jesus as the Bread of Life, offering spiritual sustenance; the Good Shepherd, providing care and protection; the True Vine, emphasizing the importance of spiritual dependency; and the Light of the World, guiding humanity towards truth.

Similarly, the visual representation of the Nativity scene encapsulates these aspects of Jesus’ character and mission. The humble setting of His birth, the manger, and the shepherds all serve as powerful symbols of Jesus’ humility, His role as our spiritual sustenance, and His connection to the lowly and marginalized. The Star of Bethlehem, shining brightly above, aligns with the metaphor of Jesus as the Light, guiding us toward truth and salvation.

These metaphors and symbols, whether conveyed through scripture or depicted visually, invite us to delve deeper into the spiritual truths they represent. They underscore the multifaceted nature of Jesus’ identity and His mission of love and sacrifice, a message as relevant today as it was over two millennia ago.

Prayer of Salvation

Giving your life to the Lord is the best decision you can ever make in your entire life on earth. I invite you to make Jesus your Lord today. In Romans 10vs.9 the Bible says that, “If thou confess with thy mouth, that Jesus is Lord, and believe in thine heart that God raised him from the dead, thou shall be saved.” Please, pray this prayer:

Dear heavenly Father, I believe with all of my heart that Jesus is Lord. I believe that he died on the cross and that on the third day God raised him from the dead. I affirm that Jesus is the Lord of my life from this day onward. I’m now born again. In the name of Jesus. Amen!

Well done for making this prayer! You are now born again. Attend a bible based church and keep learning the truth of God‘s Word as you become an excellent Christian.

One More Thing

If you have been blessed by this article,

  • please leave a comment,
  • bookmark our website,
  • visit us at least once every day,
  • and invite at least 200+ souls (family and friends) to visit so that they may be born again.

Thank you and God bless you!


  1. Norbury, C. (2005). Understanding minds and metaphors: Insights from the study of figurative language in autism. Metaphor and Symbol, 20(2), 139-157.
  2. Ilo, P., & Ndubuisi, F. (2012). Symbols, metaphors and similes in literature: A case study of “Animal Farm”. International Journal of English and Literature, 3(2), 60-70.
  3. Francis, L., Robbins, M., & Astley, J. (2017). The greater church as ‘sacred space, common ground’: A narrative case study within a rural diocese. Journal of Beliefs & Values, 38(1), 83-97.
  4. Avis, P. (2003). God and the creative imagination: Metaphor, symbol and myth in religion and theology. Routledge.
  5. Kovecses, Z. (2010). Metaphor: A practical introduction. Oxford University Press.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top